In Peru, all the territories that are located to the east of the Andean Mountain Range that includes the rainforest and hydrographically all the rivers are tributaries of the Amazon River basin are called Amazon.It is a huge geological depression in which the large plains, mountains, small mountain areas, the floodplains in the time of flood of the rivers predominate. Locally some call it "mountain", Amazon jungle or jungle. Historically, it is associated with the myth or legend of El Dorado and the Canela country and at the beginning of the 20th century with the rubber era. It occupies 62% of the Peruvian territory and its population density is very low (8%). The Amazon is considered as the largest reserve of biological natural resources on Earth (including the Amazonian territory of Brazil), besides being the first source of oxygen generation on the planet. In addition, there are other major sources of natural resources such as oil fields, natural gas and gold sinks.
The Amazon of Peru is divided in turn into three large areas, defined by its geography and climate:
Also called Rupa Rupa. The territories of the high jungle or yunga extend along the eastern flank of the Mountain Range, between 3,800 and 800 m.a.s.l, right on the Amazon plain. Its climate is hot and very humid, becoming cold as it approaches the Andean heights. Here it rains more than anywhere else in the country (up to 5,000 mm per year), which allows numerous torrents and cascades of crystal clear water to form. Its relief is mountainous and complex, with narrow valleys and deep gorges, always covered by an impenetrable jungle. In its higher parts, generally shrouded in fog and drizzle, cloud forests are located, while in the lower areas are the hills that form the so-called "mountain brow" or in spanish "ceja de selva". The vegetation in the yungas is perhaps the most exuberant of the tropics, with many orchids, giant begonias and arboreal ferns. This is also the home of the cock of the rocks, the national bird of Peru; the spectacled bear, the only species of South American bear; the yellow-tailed woolly monkey, which until recently was believed extinct; the quetzals, the duck of the torrents, more than twenty varieties of hummingbirds and several dozen species of fruit birds.
Also called Omagua. The low jungle or tropical rain forest, located between 800 and 80 m.a.s.l, the most diverse habitat on the planet, covers two thirds of the Peruvian territory. In him lives most of the species of plants and animals of the world. It has a hot and very humid climate, with rains between December and March, and frequent showers throughout the year. Here abound the great rivers (Amazonas, Ucayali, Madre de Dios), source of food and communication among the peoples. There are also numerous lakes, in addition to marshes or "aguajales".The flora of this region is composed of more than 20,000 species of plants (fine wood trees, fruit useful to man and medicinal plants). The fauna, on the other hand, is extraordinarily rich and varied. Among the most conspicuous inhabitants of the tropical forest are the monkeys, such as the maquisapa and the coto; the felines such as the tigrillo, the cougar and the jaguar; the sachavaca or tapir, and the largest rodent in the world: the ronsoco. Its waters are populated by large fish such as paiche and zúngaro, two types of river dolphins and several water turtles. The low jungle shelters about a thousand different varieties of birds: from the imposing harpy eagle to the tiny hummingbirds; large reptiles such as the black alligator and the anaconda; and still unknown numbers of frogs, spiders and insects.
At the eastern end of the department of Madre de Dios, right on the border with Bolivia, there is a small region with very special characteristics. Its appearance is that of a huge plain of tall grasses and palm trees that draws attention in the middle of the rainforest forests. It is known by the name of Pampas del Heath, due to the river that runs through them and serves as a boundary between the two countries. Currently these territories are protected within the Bahuaja Sonene National Park. The climate here is very hot and humid, with a marked rainy season during the summer. Sometimes the rains are so intense that they flood large areas of the savannah until they become a huge lake; only the tops of palm trees and termite mounds are a refuge for the smaller creatures. Many of the animals and plants that live in this region are unique and adapted to survive without problems in the great pasture: the deer of the marshes, the largest of the cervids of Peru; the rare wolf of mane, which resembles a long-legged fox; the yellow-billed toucan (the largest in the country), and the elusive white carpenter. The sachavaca, the jaguar, the giant anteater and the colorful macaws also cohabit in this ecoregion.
The most frequent accommodations of the Peruvian Amazon are the "lodges"; they are complexes located in the jungle (normally, built in height to keep them in flood season), whose facilities are made of wood and other natural materials. In the lodges you stay on an all-inclusive basis for different activities in the jungle, such as walks or boat trips to see birds, insects, reptiles and other wild animals, always accompanied by a guide.
There is no vaccine against Zika. Unless you have previously put them, you will need the following:
The Amazon River basin is surrounded by an immense tropical forest called the Amazon. Almost 60% of the territory of Peru is occupied by this dense jungle. Of the rest of the countries, only Brazil has a greater extension of Amazonian forest in its territory. The Peruvian jungle is the area of the country with the lowest human population, but one of the areas in the world with the greatest biodiversity. Within the Peruvian Amazon there are five major destinations:
The "capital" of the Peruvian jungle, where you can see the Amazon River itself and amazing species, such as the pink dolphin. Located in the north of the country, you lose one day to go and another to return. Even so, when someone thinks about the Peruvian Amazon, they are thinking about Iquitos.
The Manu National Park is in the south of Peru, at 4,000 meters high and is one of the destinations that is currently being strengthened. The obvious problem is the possibility of suffering from altitude sickness or altitude sickness.
In eastern Peru, it is the most recommended option for family trips due to the infrastructures and options offered by this city.
Located not as far north as Iquitos, it stands out for having a somewhat cooler climate than other destinations in the Peruvian Amazon.
The center of this zone is Puerto Maldonado, where the Tambopata River empties into the Madre de Dios. Located southeast of the Manu, this area is of low jungle, and one of the least visited of the Peruvian Amazon.