The Inca Trail road in the sanctuary area is over 300 kilometers long, with the Route No. 01 or Km 82 of Inca Trail with 46 km (approx.) one of the most famous and well known in the world, it showing construction features such as bridges, systems of terraces and drainage, articulated archaeological multifunctional complexes built with stone founding in the area.
The Machu Picchu citadel is a sacred space, where the Incas offered to the Pachamama, mountain (called Apus) such as Machu Picchu mountain, Waynapicchu, Putukusi, Llactapata and also higher category as Waqaywillki, Pumasillu Salkantay, the land and its surroundings were sacred and were destined for production, for worship, sacrifices and rituals.
The Machu Picchu, Salkantay and Inca Trail representing 0.03% of Peruvian territory; however contains a large biological and ecosystems diversity of our country as shown in this table:
|Machu Picchu / Inca Trail||
The biologists found different species of the animals and plants in the Inca Trail and Machu Picchu. During the hike from km 82, trailhead of the Inca Trail to Machu Picchu, you can view the most popular rhe most popular animals, but there are different species that is far away from this trail, if you would like to see, you can explore inside of the jungle of the Machu Picchu.
The most popular animals are the following:
The Responsible People recommend to the travellers to help keep it for future generations and you can help us to protect this beautiful places.
SERNANP- Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu is going to implementing the program of recovery of degraded areas and has been reforested with native species of the place.
Also it going to monitoring Inkachiriaska snowy cape mountain and developing prevention campaigns and fighting forest fires with the local population.